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European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations

The Emergency Social Safety Net (ESSN): Offering a lifeline to vulnerable refugees in Türkiye


Türkiye currently hosts the largest refugee population in the world with 4 million people. Some 3.6 million of them are Syrians who fled the war that continues to ravage their country.

Despite Türkiye’s commendable efforts to provide registered refugees with access to basic rights and services, including education and health care, many find themselves facing challenging and often precarious circumstances.

After years of displacement, refugee families have depleted their resources. The current economic and lack of access to a regular income make it difficult for them to meet their basic needs.

Thanks to EU humanitarian funding and a partnership between the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), the Turkish Red Crescent Society and Turkish government institutions, over 1.5 million refugees living in Türkiye receive humanitarian support through cash assistance.

In addition, over 380,000 particularly vulnerable people receive cash assistance from the development part of the EU Facility for Refugees in Türkiye, managed by the Directorate-General for Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations.

Launched in 2016, the Emergency Social Safety Net (ESSN) is the biggest humanitarian programme in the history of the EU. It is designed to help the most vulnerable refugees pay for the things they need most. Currently, the European Commission funds the programme until mid-2023.

Refugee families currently receive 300 Turkish Lira (about €14) monthly per family member, enabling them to decide for themselves how to cover essential needs like rent, transport, bills, food and medicine. The programme offers additional quarterly top-ups based on family size.

The ESSN card can be used in shops, just like a normal debit card. But it is not just a cash card. It’s an acknowledgement that, despite their hardships, refugees have the right to choose how to manage their own lives.

This also positively affects host communities by allowing the refugees to participate in the daily life of the community and contribute to the local economy.

Thanks to EU funded cash assistance in Türkiye, vulnerable refugee families can buy what they need most.
© IFRC 2020

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