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European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations


The factsheets produced by the European Commission's Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations department provide overviews on specific themes or geographical areas.

All factsheets listed below are updated regularly, with their latest revision date indicated on each page.

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Factsheets (89)

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Afghanistan presents large-scale humanitarian needs prompted by displacement and a severe food crisis.


The political conflict in Western Sahara, unresolved for over 4 decades, has left thousands of Sahrawi refugees stranded.

América del Sur

América del Sur está expuesta a numerosos peligros naturales que, a menudo, se producen simultáneamente. El cambio climático ha aumentado la frecuencia e intensidad de catástrofes provocadas por fenómenos meteorológicos y ha mermado la resiliencia de las comunidades más vulnerables.

Armenia and Azerbaijan

The 6-week long hostilities in and around Nagorno-Karabakh have resulted in thousands of casualties, including civilian deaths and injuries. The fighting pushed hundreds of thousands to flee their homes for safety. Today, some remain displaced.


Bangladesh continues to be a safe haven for almost 1 million Rohingya refugees.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

According to the UN, up to 2,700 refugees and migrants are currently present in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Around 2,000 of them are accommodated in EU-funded reception centres located in Sarajevo and Una Sana Cantons.

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso's complex and volatile crisis continues to deteriorate quickly and severely. The country is among the 10 poorest in the world.


Around 259,000 Burundian refugees remain displaced in neighbouring countries, with most of them having fled Burundi after contested elections and violence in 2015.


Cameroon is affected by 3 simultaneous and complex humanitarian crises: (i) in the country’s Far North (close to Lake Chad and Nigeria), (ii) in the Northwest and Southwest regions (where armed groups are fighting the government), and (iii) in the neighbouring Central African Republic.

Capacidad de respuesta humanitaria europea (EHRC)

La capacidad de respuesta humanitaria europea (EHRC) es un conjunto de herramientas operativas diseñadas para paliar las deficiencias de la respuesta humanitaria ante riesgos naturales repentinos y desastres causados por el ser humano.

Capacity building

Capacity building strengthens the ability of the humanitarian sector to provide aid effectively.

Cash transfers

The cash transfers are assistance in the form of money - either physical currency or e-cash.

Central African Republic

Since the December 2020 presidential elections, the Central African Republic (CAR) is torn by violence opposing armed groups against government forces.

Central Asia

Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, the 5 republics that make up Central Asia, are particularly exposed to natural hazards such as landslides, avalanches, floods, earthquakes, droughts and melting glaciers.

Centroamérica y México

En Centroamérica y México, el cambio climático, las sequías, las tormentas, la COVID-19, la criminalidad y la inestabilidad política han exacerbado especialmente la inseguridad alimentaria.


Chad is one of the poorest countries in the world, marked by low development, very limited availability of basic social services, and exposure to climate and environmental hazards.

Climate change and Environment

Climate change affects millions of people worldwide, deteriorates the humanitarian situation and multiplies the needs of vulnerable communities.


A pesar de los importantes avances en el desarrollo de Colombia durante la última década, incluido el Acuerdo de Paz de 2016 con el mayor grupo guerrillero del país (las FARC), las necesidades humanitarias siguen aumentando.

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Between conflict, poverty, malnutrition and frequent disease outbreaks, humanitarian needs in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) are among the highest in the world.

Desert locusts in Eastern Africa

Since 2019, Eastern Africa has seen an upsurge of desert locusts, spreading across several countries at rates not seen in decades.