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European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations

The factsheets produced by the European Commission's Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations department provide overviews on specific themes or geographical areas.

All factsheets listed below are updated regularly, with their latest revision date indicated on each page.

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Factsheets (92)

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Afghanistan presents large-scale humanitarian needs prompted by displacement and a severe food crisis. This results from decades of conflict, recurrent natural hazards, and a sharp economic decline due to recent political developments.


The political conflict in Western Sahara, unresolved for over 4 decades, has left thousands of Sahrawi refugees stranded.

Armenia and Azerbaijan

The volatile and highly tense situation remains a daily endurance in Nagorno-Karabakh. The 6-week-long conflict in late 2020 resulted in severe consequences for the inhabitants of the region.


Bangladesh continues to be a safe haven for almost 1 million Rohingya refugees. They fled brutal repression and wide-ranging discrimination in Myanmar’s Rakhine state and currently live in refugee camps in the Cox’s Bazar district and on the island of Bhasan Char.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Since the beginning of 2018, more than 110,000 refugees and migrants arrived in Bosnia and Herzegovina via the Western Balkans route, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM). Most of whom have left the country already.

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso's complex and volatile crisis continues to deteriorate quickly and severely. The country is among the 10 poorest in the world. The internal conflict has intensified, spreading across all regions of the country.


Over 300,000 Burundian refugees remain displaced in neighbouring countries, with most of them having fled Burundi after contested elections and violence in 2015.


Cameroon is affected by 3 simultaneous and complex humanitarian crises: (i) in the country’s Far North (close to Lake Chad and Nigeria), (ii) in the Northwest and Southwest regions (where armed groups are fighting the government), and (iii) in the neighbouring Central African Republic.

Capacity building

Capacity building strengthens the ability of the humanitarian sector to provide aid effectively.


The Caribbean is the second most disaster-prone region in the world, regularly hit by natural and human-induced hazards.

Cash transfers

The cash transfers are assistance in the form of money - either physical currency or e-cash.

Central African Republic

Since the December 2020 presidential elections, the Central African Republic (CAR) is torn by violence opposing armed groups against government forces.

Central America and Mexico

In Central America and Mexico, climate change, droughts, storms, COVID-19, criminality, and political instability have exacerbated food insecurity especially.

Central Asia

Central Asia is a region made up of 5 republics: Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Their inhabitants are exposed to natural hazards, from earthquakes to floods, as well as chronic water shortages.


Chad is one of the poorest countries in the world, marked by low development, very limited availability of basic social services, and exposure to climate and environmental hazards.

Climate change and environment

Climate change affects millions of people worldwide, deteriorates the humanitarian situation, and multiplies the needs of vulnerable communities. It alters the earth's temperatures and weather patterns, leading to global warming and increased frequency, scale and duration of extreme weather events.


Despite significant development gains in Colombia over the past decade, including the 2016 Peace Agreement with the country’s largest guerrilla group (the FARC), humanitarian needs are still rising.

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Between conflict, poverty, malnutrition and frequent disease outbreaks, humanitarian needs in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) are among the highest in the world.


Digital technologies are a key enabler in delivering effective and timely humanitarian aid. They allow humanitarian organisations to improve collaboration and communication, deliver aid more efficiently and make the emergency response targeted to the needs of the beneficiaries.

Disability Inclusion

People with disabilities include those who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which may hinder their full and effective participation in society.