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European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations

The factsheets produced by the European Commission's Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations department provide overviews on specific themes or geographical areas.

All factsheets listed below are updated regularly, with their latest revision date indicated on each page.

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Factsheets (89)

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Afghanistan

Afghanistan presents large-scale humanitarian needs prompted by displacement and a severe food crisis.

Algeria

The political conflict in Western Sahara, unresolved for over 4 decades, has left thousands of Sahrawi refugees stranded.

Armenia and Azerbaijan

The 6-week long hostilities in and around Nagorno-Karabakh have resulted in thousands of casualties, including civilian deaths and injuries. The fighting pushed hundreds of thousands to flee their homes for safety. Today, some remain displaced.

Bangladesh

Bangladesh continues to be a haven for over 940,000 Rohingya refugees.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

According to the UN, up to 2,700 refugees and migrants are currently present in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Around 2,000 of them are accommodated in EU-funded reception centres located in Sarajevo and Una Sana Cantons.

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso's complex and volatile crisis continues to deteriorate quickly and severely. The country is among the 10 poorest in the world.

Burundi

Around 259,000 Burundian refugees remain displaced in neighbouring countries, with most of them having fled Burundi after contested elections and violence in 2015.

Cameroon

Cameroon is affected by 3 simultaneous and complex humanitarian crises: (i) in the country’s Far North (close to Lake Chad and Nigeria), (ii) in the Northwest and Southwest regions (where armed groups are fighting the government), and (iii) in the neighbouring Central African Republic.

Capacity building

Capacity building strengthens the ability of the humanitarian sector to provide aid effectively.

Caribbean

The Caribbean is the second most disaster-prone region in the world, regularly hit by natural and human-induced hazards.

Cash transfers

The cash transfers are assistance in the form of money - either physical currency or e-cash.

Central African Republic

Since the December 2020 presidential elections, the Central African Republic (CAR) is torn by violence opposing armed groups against government forces.

Central America and Mexico

In Central America and Mexico, climate change, droughts, storms, COVID-19, criminality, and political instability have exacerbated food insecurity especially.

Central Asia

Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, the 5 republics that make up Central Asia, are particularly exposed to natural hazards such as landslides, avalanches, floods, earthquakes, droughts and melting glaciers.

Chad

Chad is one of the poorest countries in the world, marked by low development, very limited availability of basic social services, and exposure to climate and environmental hazards.

Climate change and Environment

Climate change affects millions of people worldwide, deteriorates the humanitarian situation and multiplies the needs of vulnerable communities.

Colombia

Despite significant development gains in Colombia over the past decade, including the 2016 Peace Agreement with the country’s largest guerrilla group (the FARC), humanitarian needs are still rising.

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Between conflict, poverty, malnutrition and frequent disease outbreaks, humanitarian needs in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) are among the highest in the world.

Desert locusts in Eastern Africa

Since 2019, Eastern Africa has seen an upsurge of desert locusts, spreading across several countries at rates not seen in decades.

Digitalisation

Digital technologies are a key enabler in delivering effective and timely humanitarian aid; they allow aid organisations to improve collaboration and...