The political conflict in Western Sahara, unresolved for over 4 decades, has left thousands of Sahrawi refugees stranded.
The humanitarian situation is deteriorating quickly and severely in Burkina Faso, a fragile country that is among the 10 poorest in the world.
Almost 300,000 Burundian refugees remain displaced in neighbouring countries, with most of them having fled Burundi after contested elections and violence in 2015.
Cameroon is affected by 3 simultaneous and complex humanitarian crises: (i) in the country’s Far North (close to Lake Chad and Nigeria), (ii) in the Northwest and Southwest regions (where armed groups are fighting the government), and (iii) in the neighbouring Central African Republic.
Since the December 2020 presidential elections, the Central African Republic (CAR) is torn by violence opposing armed groups against government forces.
Chad is one of the poorest countries in the world, marked by low development, very limited availability of basic social services, and exposure to climate and environmental hazards.
Between conflict, poverty, malnutrition and frequent disease outbreaks, humanitarian needs in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) are among the highest in the world.
There are significant humanitarian needs in Ethiopia due to an overlap of crises – conflict, inter-communal clashes, natural hazards, and COVID-19.
Kenya hosts over 500,000 refugees and asylum seekers. They are entirely dependent on humanitarian assistance, even for their most basic needs.
Since 2011, intense conflict and political fragmentation have significantly impacted Libya’s social fabric, basic services, and national infrastructure.
Madagascar is experiencing its worst drought in 40 years. The combined effects of drought, low agricultural productivity, the impact of COVID-19 and a lack of essential food staples in the market, have resulted in a deteriorating food security situation.
A complex crisis is affecting Mali, driven by conflict and insecurity, triggering (i) large-scale population displacements, (ii) socio-political instability, (iii) climate shocks and epidemics, and (iv) unprecedented levels of food and nutrition insecurity.
Bridging the Arab Maghreb and the Sahel region, Mauritania is one of the poorest countries in the world.
In Mozambique, over 1.4 million people are currently facing severe food insecurity due to the security situation, the drought, and the socio-economic impact of COVID-19.
Niger continues to suffer significant humanitarian needs due to the conflict, food shortages, child malnutrition, and epidemics.
In Northeast Nigeria, 8.4 million people require humanitarian aid.
Humanitarian needs in the Sahel continue to be on the rise due to the combined effect of increasingly violent conflicts, deep poverty, climate change, and unprecedented food insecurity and malnutrition.
For decades, Somalia has suffered from prolonged conflict and extreme weather, including recurrent droughts and floods.
It is estimated that 75% of South Sudan’s population requires urgent humanitarian assistance in 2022.
Climatic shocks and recurrent natural hazards, on top of economic and political challenges, crop pests and diseases, and conflict, continue to affect millions of people in the Southern Africa and Indian Ocean region.
The continued political gridlock following the October 2021 military coup has led to a drastic reduction in the financial capacity to respond to the growing needs.
Uganda hosts the largest refugee population in Africa and the third largest in the world, of which 61% are from South Sudan.
Climatic shocks and a deteriorating economic environment have left almost 7 million people in Zimbabwe requiring humanitarian assistance.