Located in the “hurricane belt” and surrounded by several tectonic plates, the Caribbean region is regularly battered by disasters. Along with annual hurricanes, the Caribbean is also prone to droughts, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, floods, landslides, mudslides, earthquakes, and recurrent epidemics
In Central America and Mexico, climate change, droughts, storms, COVID-19, criminality, and political instability have exacerbated food insecurity especially.
The Government of Colombia signed a peace agreement with the country’s largest guerrilla group, the FARC, in 2016. However, several other armed groups remain active across the country, and civilians continue to suffer the humanitarian consequences of the ongoing violence.
Haiti is an extremely fragile state, vulnerable to natural hazards and manmade disasters, and chronically unprepared to deal with the arrival of the coronavirus pandemic. Food shortages and malnutrition, disease epidemics and the humanitarian needs generated by the ongoing migration crisis require..
South America is exposed to multiple, often combined, natural hazards. Climate change has increased the frequency and intensity of weather-related disasters, hampering the resilience of the most vulnerable communities.
Venezuela is in its sixth consecutive year of economic contraction and hyperinflation, facing an increasing deterioration of the humanitarian situation.