The political conflict in Western Sahara, unresolved for over 4 decades, has left thousands of Sahrawi refugees stranded. They live in 5 isolated camps near Tindouf in south-west Algeria with difficult access to resources, which makes humanitarian aid essential to their survival.
The Sudan crisis has prompted an emergency response at Egypt’s southern border, while other refugees face the challenges of protracted displacement.
Since the end of the conflict against the Islamic State in 2018, the humanitarian crisis in Iraq has evolved from an acute crisis to a protracted one. This conflict displaced 6 million people between 2014 and 2017.
Jordan, a haven for refugees since the start of the Syria crisis in 2011, hosts the third highest number of Syrian refugees in the world. Most refugees live in cities, while others reside in camps such as Azraq and Zaatari.
People in Lebanon, including refugees, are experiencing high levels of poverty and food insecurity while having limited access to services.
Since 2011, intense conflict and political fragmentation have significantly impacted Libya’s social fabric, basic services, and national infrastructure. In the aftermath of the devastating floods in September 2023, the EU is mobilising emergency assistance via its Civil Protection Mechanism.
The EU has been providing humanitarian assistance to Palestinians in need since 2000, supporting vulnerable families affected by emergencies and shocks.
More than 12 years after the start of the Syria crisis, half the population is displaced, both inside and outside the country. Humanitarian needs in Syria are now at an all-time high.
After over 9 years of war, Yemen remains one of the world’s worst humanitarian crises. In April 2022, a UN-brokered truce offered the longest period of respite to civilians since the start of the war. However, it formally expired in October 2022.