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European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations

Country & thematic pages

The country & thematic pages produced by the European Commission's Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations department provide overviews on specific themes or geographical areas.

All pages listed below are updated regularly, with their latest revision date indicated on each page.

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Country & thematic pages (94)

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After decades of conflict, natural hazards and chronic poverty, Afghanistan is facing one of the world’s largest and most complex humanitarian crises, which has also far-reaching impacts on neighbouring Iran and Pakistan.


The political conflict in Western Sahara, unresolved for over 4 decades, has left thousands of Sahrawi refugees stranded. They live in 5 isolated camps near Tindouf in south-west Algeria with difficult access to resources, which makes humanitarian aid essential to their survival.

Armenai, aid workers in a hospital

The 6-week-long 2020 war in and around Nagorno-Karabakh resulted in severe consequences for the inhabitants of the region. Last year, the escalation and subsequent ceasefire led to mass exodus of people from Nagorno-Karabakh.

Featured Image Bangladesh

Bangladesh is currently home to almost 1 million Rohingya refugees who have fled targeted violence, large-scale armed attacks, and human rights violations in neighbouring Myanmar.

fsc bosnie featured image

Since the beginning of 2018, more than 110,000 refugees and migrants arrived in Bosnia and Herzegovina via the Western Balkans route, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM). Most of whom have left the country already.

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso's complex and volatile crisis continues to deteriorate quickly and severely. The internal conflict has intensified, spreading across all regions of the country. Armed violence is increasingly targeting civilians and has caused massive population displacements.


Over 260,000 Burundian refugees remain displaced in neighbouring countries, with most of them having fled Burundi after contested elections and violence in 2015.


9 out of 10 regions in Cameroon are in the grip of 3 complex and separate humanitarian crises: (i) Lake Chad crisis in the country’s Far North, (ii) the Anglophone crisis in the North-West and South-West regions, and a refugee crisis (iii) from the neighbouring Central African Republic.

Capacity building

Through capacity building, humanitarian organisations share knowledge, expertise and good practices to react better and faster to emergencies. In turn, working in a coordinated and complementary way will help them respond to humanitarian needs effectively and efficiently.


The Caribbean is the second most disaster-prone region in the world, regularly hit by natural and human-induced hazards.

Cash transfers

The cash transfers are assistance in the form of money - either physical currency or e-cash.

Central African Republic

Since the December 2020 presidential elections, the Central African Republic (CAR) is torn by violence opposing armed groups against government forces.

Central America

In Central America and Mexico, natural hazards, violence, and displacement have all exacerbated the ongoing humanitarian crisis. The United Nations estimates that about a quarter of the region’s population requires humanitarian aid – an 80% rise from 2020.

Central Asia

Central Asia is a region made up of 5 republics: Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Their inhabitants are exposed to natural hazards, from earthquakes to floods, as well as chronic water shortages.


Chad is one of the poorest countries in the world, marked by low development, very limited availability of basic social services, and exposure to climate and environmental hazards.

The EU is committed to protect children caught in armed conflicts and to ensure that their needs and rights are respected and fulfilled.

fst climate change featured image

Climate change affects millions of people worldwide, deteriorates the humanitarian situation, and multiplies the needs of vulnerable communities. It alters the earth's temperatures and weather patterns, leading to global warming and increased frequency, scale and duration of extreme weather events.


Despite significant development gains in Colombia over the past decade, including the 2016 Peace Agreement with the country’s largest guerrilla group (the FARC), humanitarian needs are still rising.


Between conflict, poverty, malnutrition and frequent disease outbreaks, humanitarian needs in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) are among the highest in the world.


Digital technologies are a key enabler in delivering effective and timely humanitarian aid. They allow humanitarian organisations to improve collaboration and communication, deliver aid more efficiently and make the emergency response targeted to the needs of the beneficiaries.