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European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations

Country & thematic pages

The country & thematic pages produced by the European Commission's Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations department provide overviews on specific themes or geographical areas.

All pages listed below are updated regularly, with their latest revision date indicated on each page.

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Country & thematic pages (93)

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After decades of conflict, natural hazards and chronic poverty, Afghanistan is facing one of the world’s worst humanitarian crises. The situation is further fuelled by economic instability.


The political conflict in Western Sahara, unresolved for over 4 decades, has left thousands of Sahrawi refugees stranded.

América del Sur

América del Sur está expuesta a numerosos peligros naturales que, a menudo, se producen simultáneamente.

Armenia and Azerbaijan

The 6-week-long 2020 war in and around Nagorno-Karabakh resulted in severe consequences for the inhabitants of the region. This year, the escalation and subsequent ceasefire has led to mass exodus of people from Nagorno-Karabakh.


Bangladesh continues to be a safe haven for almost 1 million Rohingya refugees. They fled brutal repression and wide-ranging discrimination in Myanmar’s Rakhine state and currently live in refugee camps in Cox’s Bazar district and on the island of Bhasan Char.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Since the beginning of 2018, more than 110,000 refugees and migrants arrived in Bosnia and Herzegovina via the Western Balkans route, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM). Most of whom have left the country already.

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso's complex and volatile crisis continues to deteriorate quickly and severely. The country is among the 10 poorest in the world. The internal conflict has intensified, spreading across all regions of the country.


Over 300,000 Burundian refugees remain displaced in neighbouring countries, with most of them having fled Burundi after contested elections and violence in 2015.


Cameroon is affected by 3 simultaneous and complex humanitarian crises: (i) in the country’s Far North (close to Lake Chad and Nigeria), (ii) in the Northwest and Southwest regions (where armed groups are fighting the government), and (iii) in the neighbouring Central African Republic.

Capacidad de respuesta humanitaria europea (EHRC)

La capacidad de respuesta humanitaria europea (EHRC) es un conjunto de herramientas operativas diseñadas para paliar las deficiencias de la respuesta humanitaria ante riesgos naturales repentinos y desastres causados por el ser humano.

Capacity building

Through capacity building, humanitarian organisations share knowledge, expertise and good practices to react better and faster to emergencies. In turn, working in a coordinated and complementary way will help them respond to humanitarian needs effectively and efficiently.

Cash transfers

The cash transfers are assistance in the form of money - either physical currency or e-cash.

Central African Republic

Since the December 2020 presidential elections, the Central African Republic (CAR) is torn by violence opposing armed groups against government forces.

Central Asia

Central Asia is a region made up of 5 republics: Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Their inhabitants are exposed to natural hazards, from earthquakes to floods, as well as chronic water shortages.

Centroamérica y México

En Centroamérica y México, el cambio climático, las sequías, las tormentas, la COVID-19, la criminalidad y la inestabilidad política han exacerbado especialmente la inseguridad alimentaria.


Chad is one of the poorest countries in the world, marked by low development, very limited availability of basic social services, and exposure to climate and environmental hazards.

Climate change and environment

Climate change affects millions of people worldwide, deteriorates the humanitarian situation, and multiplies the needs of vulnerable communities. It alters the earth's temperatures and weather patterns, leading to global warming and increased frequency, scale and duration of extreme weather events.


A pesar de los importantes avances en el desarrollo de Colombia durante la última década, incluido el Acuerdo de Paz de 2016 con el mayor grupo guerrillero del país (las FARC), las necesidades humanitarias siguen aumentando.

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Between conflict, poverty, malnutrition and frequent disease outbreaks, humanitarian needs in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) are among the highest in the world.