EU funding for sudden-onset humanitarian crises
The Emergency Toolbox is one of the instruments the European Commission uses to assist in unforeseen, sudden-onset crises.
The Emergency Response Coordination Centre (ERCC)of the European Commission administers the various funding tools within this toolbox.
Why is it important?
The Emergency Toolbox is specifically dedicated to emergency response for vulnerable people outside the EU. It has 3 main characteristics:
- It aims to (i) rapidly respond to emergencies through short deadlines to decide on allocations, (ii) close cooperation between the ERCC and humanitarian experts, and (iii) simplified procedure for humanitarian organisations to submit project proposals.
- It is designed to provide first-line funding in the immediate aftermath of a crisis.
- The maximum duration of an action is limited to either 6 or 12 months.
- After the swift allocation of the Emergency Toolbox’s initial funding, the EU can decide to provide additional support through other funding instruments.
- It aims to respond to emergencies that came unexpectedly or could not be anticipated.
- The Toolbox is separate from – and complementary to – other humanitarian funds which are allocated annually, through humanitarian implementation plans, to specific geographical areas and managed by humanitarian experts.
- The Emergency Toolbox reduces the need for country humanitarian implementation plans to respond in an ad-hoc way to unexpected needs. It allows them to respond to strategically planned goals.
What are the 4 tools within the Toolbox?
- The Acute Large Emergency Response Tool (ALERT) responds to large-scale natural hazards and technological disasters where over 100,000 people or over 50% of the population are affected. Depending on the type of disaster, the aim is to allocate funds within 24-48 hours of an emergency’s onset, emphasising on the swiftness of the decision-making process.
- The Small-scale Tool is used to assist a limited number of people (below 100,000) affected by a natural or human-induced disaster. The maximum allocation per action is €500,000.
- The Epidemics Tool is used to respond to and prevent epidemic outbreaks.
- The Disaster Response Emergency Fund (DREF) belongs to the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC). It supports national Red Cross and Red Crescent societies in the immediate aftermath of a disaster. We contribute to this fund to a maximum of €200,000 per action.
How are we helping?
In 2021, the EU allocated €34 million through the Emergency Toolbox.
- The ALERT instrument was activated for 5 disasters in 2021: (i) for the consequences of the tropical cyclone in the Philippines, (ii) floods in South Sudan, (iii) earthquake in Haiti, (iv) volcanic eruption in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and (v) volcanic eruption in St Vincent and the Grenadines. Between €550,000 and €3 million were allocated to respond to each of these disasters.
- The Small-scale Tool was used on various occasions in 2021, including:
- COVID-19 in Syria, the Philippines, Tunisia, Guinea, Myanmar, Timor-Leste, Nepal, India, Papua New Guinea, Brazil, Colombia, and Peru
- cholera in Nigeria and Niger
- Ebola in Guinea.
- The Epidemics Tool was mobilised 13 times in 2021: 10 times for COVID-19 outbreaks, once for Ebola preparedness in Guinea and twice for Cholera in Nigeria and Niger.
- The European Commission channelled funding to the DREF instrument 45 times in 40 countries in 2021. The national Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies were, thus, supported in their rapid response to emergencies related mainly to floods, tropical cyclones, drought, volcanos, population movement, civil unrest, and cholera and Ebola outbreaks.