Burkina Faso's complex and volatile crisis continues to deteriorate quickly and severely. The country is among the 10 poorest in the world. The internal conflict has intensified, spreading across all regions of the country.
Over 300,000 Burundian refugees remain displaced in neighbouring countries, with most of them having fled Burundi after contested elections and violence in 2015.
Cameroon is affected by 3 simultaneous and complex humanitarian crises: (i) in the country’s Far North (close to Lake Chad and Nigeria), (ii) in the Northwest and Southwest regions (where armed groups are fighting the government), and (iii) in the neighbouring Central African Republic.
Since the December 2020 presidential elections, the Central African Republic (CAR) is torn by violence opposing armed groups against government forces.
Chad is one of the poorest countries in the world, marked by low development, very limited availability of basic social services, and exposure to climate and environmental hazards.
Between conflict, poverty, malnutrition and frequent disease outbreaks, humanitarian needs in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) are among the highest in the world.
Ethiopia has significant humanitarian needs due to overlapping crises – conflicts, natural hazards and epidemic outbreaks. The protection of people affected by conflicts across the country is deeply concerning.
Kenya hosts nearly 700,000 refugees and asylum seekers. They are dependent on humanitarian assistance, even for their most basic needs.
Madagascar is frequently impacted by natural hazards. In 2021, the country experienced its worst drought in 40 years.
A complex crisis is affecting Mali, driven by conflict and insecurity, triggering (i) large-scale population displacements, (ii) socio-political instability, (iii) climate shocks and epidemics, and (iv) unprecedented levels of food and nutrition insecurity.
Bridging the Arab Maghreb and the Sahel region, Mauritania is one of the poorest countries in the world. For several years, rainfall deficits have caused a significant drop in agricultural and pastoral resources.
Despite recent improvements, the security situation in Cabo Delgado, Northern Mozambique, remains volatile. Over 2 million people still require life-saving and life-sustaining humanitarian assistance.
Niger continues to suffer significant humanitarian needs due to conflicts, displacement, food insecurity, child malnutrition, and epidemics. The violence affecting several regions continues forcing people to leave their homes.
In Northeast Nigeria, 8.4 million people require humanitarian aid. According to the latest Cadre Harmonisé projections, 4.4 million people there could struggle to find enough food during the lean season (June-August 2023) without humanitarian assistance, which is 25% higher than a year ago.
Humanitarian needs in the Sahel continue to be on the rise due to the combined effect of increasingly violent conflicts, deep poverty, climate change, and unprecedented food insecurity and malnutrition.
For decades, Somalia has endured prolonged conflict and extreme weather conditions. The recent drought has led to 90% of the country being under extreme drought conditions. 5 consecutive rainy seasons have failed, impacting over 8 million people.
It is estimated that some 9.4 million people, approximately 2/3 of South Sudan’s population, will require urgent humanitarian assistance in 2023.
Extreme weather events occur regularly in the Southern Africa and Indian Ocean region. They are becoming more frequent and severe due to climate change.
Violent armed clashes broke out in Khartoum on 15 April between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) and quickly spread to the periphery, including in Darfur.
Uganda hosts the largest refugee population in Africa and the 4th largest in the world. Nearly 60% of them are from South Sudan and over 30% from the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Uganda is continuously receiving new arrivals, with over 220,000 refugees arriving since January 2022.
In Zimbabwe, an estimated 3 million people, including 2 million children, urgently require humanitarian assistance in 2023.