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European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations
© People in Need, 2022 (photographer: Alberto Lores)
Ukraine

Factsheet

Introduction

The war in Ukraine has spiralled into a fully-fledged humanitarian catastrophe.

The ongoing war endangers the lives of civilians and causes severe damage to housing, water and electricity supply, heating, and public infrastructure such as schools and health facilities. Millions of people have no access to basic needs.

The EU has mobilised all possible resources to enable emergency assistance into Ukraine.

What are the needs?

Overview

Needs inside the country

The worst situation is currently seen in eastern Ukraine, especially along the frontlines, and in southern Ukraine, namely in newly liberated areas, including Kherson.

Russia’s war on Ukraine has provoked serious humanitarian challenges. Millions of people do not have access to basic services, including water, electricity and heating, while food supplies are running low. In view of the freezing temperatures, the provision of winterised shelter is also extremely urgent.

The war has also provoked significant protection challenges as civilians are exposed to shelling, armed violence, mines, family separation, looting or eviction, and human trafficking.

The safety risks for women and girls are extremely worrying, as well as the situation of the most vulnerable groups (children, older persons, persons with disabilities, and LGBTIQ+ people). It is estimated that 3.7 million people, primarily women and girls, require prevention and response services to gender-based violence.

It is essential to ensure safe access to humanitarian organisations access to deliver relief items and enable safe evacuations from areas under siege.

The international community is extremely concerned about the violations of international humanitarian law and allegations of war crimes. The EU is committed to support Ukraine in holding the perpetrators accountable.

How are we helping?

The EU’s largest civil protection operation to date

To provide emergency assistance to Ukrainians, the European Commission is coordinating its largest ever operation under the EU Civil Protection Mechanism.

All 27 EU countries, plus Norway, Türkiye, North Macedonia and Iceland, have offered in-kind assistance ranging from medical supplies and shelter items to vehicles and energy equipment.

The EU has established logistical hubs in Poland, Romania, and Slovakia to channel the items to Ukraine more efficiently. To date, more than 83,000 tonnes of aid has been delivered.

Also, the EU is coordinating medical evacuations of Ukrainian patients in urgent need of treatment, transferring them to hospitals across Europe to receive specialised care. The evacuations are supported by the rescEU medical evacuation plane operating 1 to 2 flights a week.

In September 2022, the EU opened a hub Rzeszów, Poland, to facilitate these medical evacuations. The EU Medevac Hub offers treatment to patients arriving from Ukraine before they are flown out to a hospital in another European country.

EU humanitarian aid in Ukraine

Since February 2022, the European Commission has allocated €523 million for humanitarian aid programmes to help civilians affected by the war in Ukraine. This includes respectively €485 million for Ukraine and €38 million for Moldova.

EU humanitarian funding is helping people inside Ukraine by providing them with (i) food, (ii) water, (iii) essential household items, (iv) health care, (v) psychosocial support, (vi) emergency and winterised shelter, (vii) protection, including education in emergencies, and (viii) cash assistance to help to cover their basic needs.

Our partners are present across the country and mobilising assistance on the ground

Over 13.6 million people have received humanitarian support in Ukraine thanks to the EU and other donors:

  • More than 8.9 million people have received food assistance
  • 8.6 million have benefitted from health interventions or supplies
  • 3.9 million people from cash assistance
  • 6.4 million people from critical protection services.

In addition, almost 5.7 million people regained access to clean water and have received critical hygiene and sanitation services.

Present in the country since 2014

The EU’s Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations have been operating in Ukraine since February 2014.

EU humanitarian offices in Ukraine and Moldova play a key role in facilitating humanitarian coordination and information sharing among various organisations, including donors, authorities and humanitarian partners.

EU-funded humanitarian assistance is provided in line with the humanitarian principles of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independence. It is delivered through the UN humanitarian agencies, non-governmental organisations and the International Committee of the Red Cross.

Timeline

  1. 19 October 2022
    EU announces new rescEU reseve to provide emergency shelter to displaced Ukrainians

    The EU has developed a new rescEU shelter reserve. It will be put into immediate use in Rivne, Bucha and Kharkiv regions to provide temporary shelter to internally displaced persons.

  2. 19 October 2022
    The EU announces additional €150 million in humanitarian aid for Ukraine and €25 million for Moldova

    The key priority is to provide winterised shelter in view of the expected freezing temperatures. Other priorities include education in emergencies, health, and protection assistance.

    This brings the total humanitarian funding for Ukraine to €485 and Moldova to €38 million.

  3. 1 September 2022
    New EU Medevac hub in Rzeszów, Poland

    The EU Medevac hub, financed through the EU Civil Protection Mechanism, offers 24/7 nursing care, screening for diseases, vaccination and mental health support before patients are transferred to another European country. The medical evacuation scheme includes 2 medevac flights a week offered by Norway.

  4. 30 August 2022
    EU donates 5 million potassium iodide tablets to protect Ukrainians from potential radiation exposure

    The EU will provide 5.5 million potassium iodide tablets via the EU Civil Protection Mechanism for Ukraine, including 5 million from the rescEU emergency reserves and 500,000 from Austria.

    This will bring the total of tablets delivered to Ukraine to 8.5 million, including the 3 million procured by the rescEU reserve with the help of France and Spain in April.

  5. 9 June 2022
    The EU announces additional €205 million in humanitarian aid

    During a visit to Ukraine, Commissioner Lenarčič announces new humanitarian funding bringing the total EU humanitarian aid in response to the war in Ukraine to €348 million.

  6. 19 April 2022
    The EU announces additional €205 million in humanitarian aid

    During a visit to Ukraine, Commissioner Lenarčič announces new humanitarian funding bringing the total EU humanitarian aid in response to the war in Ukraine to €348 million.

  7. 12 April 2022
    European Humanitarian Response Capacity

    A humanitarian operation in Moldova sets up a warehouse in Chisinau for humanitarian partners and the delivery of over EU-owned 1,200 tents and 4,000 blankets for people displaced by the conflict. Another humanitarian warehouse is being set up in Vinnytsia, Ukraine.

  8. 29 March 2022
    New channel for private donations to Ukraine created by the European Commission

    In kind donations will supply vital items such as medicines, vaccines, medical equipment, tents, beds and emergency blankets through this extension of the EU Civil Protection Mechanism.

  9. 13 March 2022
    EU's first medical evacuation operation in Ukraine crisis

    The EU coordinated its first medical evacuation in the Ukraine crisis, helping to transfer 3 chronically ill Ukrainian children with their relatives from Poland to Italy.

  10. 11 March 2022
    Czechia activates the EU Civil Protection Mechanism

    Czechia requests assistance due to large influx of refugees, in the form of emergency temporary shelters, accommodations items, and camp manager experts.

  11. 4 March 2022
    Establishing EU logistics hubs and mobilising rescEU reserves

    The EU mobilises further assistance via the rescEU medical stockpiles based in Germany, Hungary and the Netherlands.

    Logistical hubs have been established in Poland, with others being set up in Romania and Slovakia, to distribute required aid to Ukraine as quickly as possible.

    Team of EU experts in Poland

    EU Civil Protection Team is operational on the ground in Poland, helping to coordinate the incoming aid as efficiently as possible.

  12. 2 March 2022
    More emergency assistance and Commissioner visits Poland

    Commissioner for Crisis Management, Janez Lenarčič, and Commissioner for Home Affairs, Ylva Johansson, visit Poland to assess the situation on the ground and coordination needs for providing protection to people fleeing the war in Ukraine.

  13. 28 February 2022
    €90 million in EU humanitarian funding for Ukraine

    European Commission announces its first humanitarian aid funding of €90 million in response to the full-scale war to help civilians affected.

  14. 25 – 28 February 2022
    Slovakia, Moldova and Poland request assistance via the EU Civil Protection Mechanism

    Slovakia, Moldova and Poland request to better cope with the refugee inflows from Ukraine.

  15. 15 February 2022
    Ukraine requests assistance due to the threat of further escalation

    Following a request from the Government of Ukraine for emergency assistance before the invasion, the EU started  delivering essential supplies via the EU Civil Protection Mechanism to support the civilian population.

Facts & figures

€516 million
Financial value of in-kind assistance and emergency operations via the EU Civil Protection Mechanism
€523 million
European Commission’s humanitarian aid funding in 2022
€1.5 billion
The EU and its Member States humanitarian funding in 2022

EU assistance for 2014-2021

€1.7 billion
EU emergency and early recovery assistance
€350 million
EU Member States humanitarian aid
€194 million
European Commission humanitarian aid
Map Ukraine

Last updated: 20/01/2023