Chad is one of the poorest countries in the world, marked by low development, very limited availability of basic social services, and exposure to climate and environmental hazards.
The humanitarian situation is complex, and the needs are high. The country’s vulnerable population suffers mainly from the consequences of intercommunity violence, human displacement, food and nutrition insecurity, floods and epidemics.
What are the needs?
Chad faces interlinked natural and human-induced humanitarian crises. Some 6.1 million people require humanitarian assistance – roughly 36% of the population in 2022.
The national nutrition survey shows that 2.1% of children under 5 suffer from severe acute malnutrition, the most serious form of undernourishment in children.
In 2022, over 1.6 million children under 5 years old will require nutritional assistance. This year is also recording the worst lean season of the last decade with 2.1 million people expected to be severely food insecure.
Violence and conflict in neighbouring countries have resulted in an influx of refugees and asylum seekers. Lack of resources and infrastructure means that the capacity to support displaced people is limited.
Last year, at least 77,000 more people were forced to flee their villages escaping violence by armed groups in the Lake Chad region. More than 65,000 people crossed borders to seek refuge in Chad.
The country currently hosts more than 574,000 refugees, while the number of people displaced internally has reached around 406,000.
Chad registered its first COVID-19 cases in March 2020. As of February 2022, the country has recorded more than 7,000 cases and 190 deaths, with a vaccination coverage of only 3.7%. A measles epidemic, which started in May 2018, has continued to spread.
In 2021, there were 2,500 measles cases and 15 fatalities. As of February 2022, there are 1,100 yellow fever cases in the country.
How are we helping?
The EU is one of the main humanitarian aid donors in Chad. In 2022, the EU will provide €37 million in humanitarian aid to Chad to respond to the basic needs of internally displaced people, refugees and resident communities affected by multiple crises.
EU humanitarian funding has addressed the rising humanitarian needs triggered by conflict in the Lake Chad region. We have provided (i) further food and nutrition assistance; (ii) health care; (iii) education in emergencies; (iv) water, sanitation and hygiene services; and (v) protection to communities in need.
In response to the food and nutrition crisis, the EU has funded assistance such as cash transfers, vouchers, food rations for families, ready-to-use therapeutic food, and essential medicines to treat severely malnourished children.
In 2021, the EU mobilised humanitarian funding to provide emergency relief to vulnerable people affected by floods in Chad and to those fleeing violence in Cameroon.
Anytime needed, the EU responds swiftly to new crises while supporting disaster risk reduction so that people are less vulnerable to future crises.
The EU also finances the United Nations Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) in Chad. These flights help aid organisations reach people in need in remote or hard-to-reach areas.
In addition, the European Commission is providing €100 million in humanitarian assistance to support the rollout of COVID-19 vaccination campaigns in countries in Africa with critical humanitarian needs and fragile health systems. €10 million out of this funding will support vaccination campaigns for the most vulnerable in West and Central Africa.
Last updated: 05/04/2022
Picture: © European Union/ECHO/Isabel Coello
Facts & figures
6.1 million people need humanitarian assistance.
4.7 million people suffer from critical food shortages, of whom more than 2.1 million face severe food shortages.
574,000 refugees from the Central African Republic (CAR), Sudan, Nigeria and Cameroon.
406,000 internally displaced people.
78,000 Chadian returnees from CAR.
29,000 Chadian returnees from the Lake Chad province.
EU humanitarian funding:
€37 million in 2022.
€406.4 million since 2013.